Tuesday, July 26, 2011

Not all densities are equal

One of the great challenges of describing and understanding strongly correlated metals is that the notion of "charge carrier density" becomes ambiguous. In a simple Fermi liquid metal all the different densities listed below are essentially identical (modulo some factors involving fundamental constants).
  • Number of charge carriers (from simple chemical counting).
  • The conduction band filling.
  • Volume (area) of the Fermi surface
  • Drude weight in the optical conductivity
  • Hall coefficient (or number)
  • Superfluid density of superconducting state
Some of these issues are explored in this PRB by Haerter and Shastry.

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