Thursday, November 8, 2012

Thermodynamics of a transition between a bad metal and a Mott insulator

Jure Kokalj and I just finished a paper
Thermodynamics of a bad metal-Mott insulator transition in the presence of frustration

We study the temperature dependence of a range of thermodynamic properties (charge susceptibility, specific heat, entropy and spin susceptibility) of the Hubbard model on the anisotropic triangular lattice at half filling by means of the numerical finite-temperature Lanczos method. This Hubbard model describes several important families of superconducting organic charge transfer salts.

The results include
  • Clear signatures of a metal-Mott insulator transition in the charge susceptibility.
  • The metal-insulator transition can be driven either by increasing interactions or by reducing frustration.
  • The metallic phase is characterized by a small charge susceptibility, large entropy, low coherence temperature, large renormalized quasiparticle mass, and large spin susceptibility.
  • The coherence temperature corresponds to destruction of quasi-particles and crossover from a Fermi liquid to a bad metal. Our estimate of the temperature is comparable to what is observed in the organics. 
  • The local magnetic moment in the metallic phase is large and comparable to the local moment in the insulating phase. This is characteristic of a bad metal.
  • Frustration increases the density of low-lying spin excitations in the Mott insulating phase and decreases longer range spin correlations.

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